Geneva - The position of all aircraft in the air is to be automatically recorded worldwide in the future by merging various surveillance systems.
The International Telecommunication Union (ITU) stated that the decision has been taken on December 19. The reason for the decision is, among other things, the disappearance of the flight MH 370 in March 2014 on a flight from Kuala Lumpur to Beijing. It is probable that one of the pilots had switched off all positioning devices.
According to the ITU, there are around 59,000 aircraft in the air at any given time.
Since the tragic disappearance of flight MH370 in 2014 over the South China Sea, ITU has carried out activities to improve the in-flight tracking using advanced information and communication technologies,said ITU Secretary-General Houlin Zhao in Geneva.
The technical procedures for better aircraft surveillance via satellites are a major step towards saving lives,he added.
Different automatic dependent surveillance systems have been standardized within the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), such as automatic dependent surveillance-broadcast (ADS-B) and automatic dependent surveillance-contract (ADS-C).
The technical principals adopted by ITU and the reception of ADS-B via satellite from outer space is especially necessary when terrestrial surveillance is eliminated in remote locations such as over the seas, the polar regions etc.
Based in Geneva, Switzerland, The International Telecommunication Union is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) that is responsible for issues that concern information and communication technologies.
The agency coordinates the shared global use of the radio spectrum, promotes international cooperation in assigning satellite orbits, works to improve telecommunication infrastructure in the world, and assists in the development and coordination of worldwide technical standards.
More than 5,000 specialists, from administrations, the telecommunications industry and academic organizations throughout the world, participate in the work of ITU via Study Groups on topics such as efficient management and use of the spectrum/orbit resource, radio systems characteristics and performance, spectrum monitoring and emergency radio communications for public protection and disaster relief.